transmitted by ticks


Anaplasmosis is a vector-borne disease caused by the infectious bacterial organisms called Anaplasma. Two main species of this pathogen can infect dogs and are transmitted through the bites of different tick species: A. phagocytophilum transmitted by Ixodes ticks and A. platys transmitted by Rhipicephalus sanguineus ticks. A dog can be infected quickly (within 6h) after the tick starts its blood meal. Anaplasma grows in the platelets (circulating cells needed for the blood clotting process), therefore the disease can cause bleeding. The most common clinical signs are lameness, joint pain, lethargy, fever and lack of appetite. Some of the infected dogs do not show any clinical signs. Canine anaplasmosis may be similar to the other tick-borne diseases. As A. phagocytophilum is transmitted by the same tick species than the agent of Lyme disease, the infection with both (co-infection) is not uncommon. 

Infectious tick-borne diseases are often difficult to diagnose and to treat. The best approach is to deploy a multi-modal prevention strategy. 

Preventive measures include: 

• Reducing the dog exposure to tick bites: carefully check the possible presence of ticks on your dog after every walk and remove them with care as soon as possible.

• Use a product that repels and kills ticks with proven efficacy.

• Follow your veterinarian advice for testing.

Geographical distribution

Anaplasmosis is distributed almost worldwide. The anaplasmosis prevalence map is related to the distribution of the relevant tick vectors which could be spreading in your area.The prevalence maps are therefore changing... 

To see if you live or if you will travel in anaplasmosis risk area check the anaplasmosis geographic distribution on the real-time map! 

Discover more about the tick-borne diseases such as anaplamosis with Pr Lukasz Adaszek (University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Poland). 

Anaplasmosis  map

Map legend: Autochtonous * Imported ** Unknown ***
* Autochtonous cases are living in endemic area or have no known travel history from endemic area ** Imported cases have a reported travel history from endemic area *** Cases with unknown travel history

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